Cat Nutrition: General Concepts

Nutrition is not only a way to replenish energy costs, but also an effective means of influencing a pet. Currently, a lot of attention is paid to the problem of feeding cats.

Making all cats eat is equally impossible. This does not depend on the animal belonging to a particular breed, but on its individual characteristics. The fact is that the expression “There is no argument about tastes” applies not only to humans, but also to cats. For example, some members of the feline family love variety in food, while others prefer one or more types of similar food. And yet they have one thing in common: if they don’t like the food, they will starve, and this can last until the owner changes the diet.



The owner of the cat must clearly understand one golden rule: that the pet was always healthy, it must be fed food prepared without seasoning and spices. Human food is not suitable for cats. The food offered to pets should be diverse and balanced, since only in this way will the deficiency of certain nutrients in the animal’s body be fully compensated.

Cat nutrition should be balanced.

In most cases, owners feed their pets incorrectly. A cat is a predatory animal, so many people force it to eat exclusively meat food and completely ignore vegetable. However, cats need carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, and trace elements.

It is worth noting that, due to the structural features of the digestive system, predators are not able to independently process fiber and coarse fiber carbohydrates that make up plant food. A predator's intestines can metabolize simple carbohydrates such as sugar and starch. But since these substances do not occur in nature in their pure form, difficulties arise with their further processing in the body.

As a rule, feline predators in vivo receive the necessary plant micronutrients with the contents of the stomach and intestines of the caught prey, in other words, the latter provides its killer with the necessary substances in finished form. But the tenderloin, which generous owners feed the pet, for the animal is a tidbit, such as for a child is a candy.

Another feature of the cat's body is the ability to strong concentration of urine. In natural conditions, this saves the body’s water resources, while at home it often becomes the cause of the development of urogenital diseases in cats, such as feline urological syndrome and urolithiasis. The reason is that fish and dairy products contain a large amount of mineral salts, which, entering the urine of a pet, are processed by the kidneys and deposited on their walls in the form of crystals. In natural conditions, cats rarely eat these foods, while at home, according to established rules, owners try to pamper their pets with milk and fish as often as possible. This leads to the fact that with the slightest inflammatory process, a cat may develop a complication, and radical measures, such as surgery, may be required to save her.

Particular attention should be paid to the diet of domestic cats. As a rule, they eat slowly, stretching pleasure, many of them tend to hide food and return to it again and again throughout the day.

In addition, it must be borne in mind that cats are prone to gluttony. In this regard, you should try to make their daily diet normalized and varied, otherwise the pet will receive a whole bunch of diseases: metabolic disorders, obesity, shortness of breath, etc. Cats are able to eat up to 20 times a day, but they usually eat in small portions.

One glance at the cat is enough to determine whether it is being fed properly or not:

  • With a balanced diet, the animal looks healthy, a lively shine is visible in his eyes, the stomach works well.
  • An improper diet often causes diarrhea, obesity, unexpected molting, dandruff, and shreds; the pet becomes drowsy, his eyes lose their healthy shine.

The listed symptoms may also indicate the onset of some more serious disease.

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