In the warm season, our pets are attacked not only by specific parasites, but also ordinary stinging insects. Most often, a wasp or a bee does not intentionally attack a cat, on the contrary, a fluffy fidget itself begins to hunt for a buzzing moving object. As a result, bites in the area of the muzzle, and sometimes even in the oral cavity.
Typically, the effects of a stinging insect attack are limited to a local reaction. If the bite did not occur in front of the owner, you can understand that the pet was stung, by the following signs:
- hot red limited swelling in a certain place;
- the cat shakes its head or paw;
- profuse salivation ;
- restless behavior, attempts to scratch a stung area.
In the event of an allergic reaction to a bite or attack, immediately, many wasps can occur:
- shortness of breath, difficulty breathing;
- tachycardia (palpitations);
- violation of coordination of movements, consciousness;
- shock state.
Although a wasp or a bee can bite a cat even in a city apartment, usually this situation occurs during the summer season, outside the city. The owner must independently help the pet, if there is no way to quickly get to the veterinary clinic.
If a bite is found, you must first make sure that the sting is not stuck in the skin. If you quickly remove it, it will reduce inflammation and the dose of poison received.
- The pet must be firmly fixed, since any manipulations in the area of edema will be painful.
- It is impossible to get a sting with your fingers; tweezers are used for this.
- The bite site can be wiped with a solution of soda or treated with hydrogen peroxide.
Bee stings can be very painful, and depending on the location they cause the animal a lot of inconvenience:
- If a cat is stung in its paw, severe lameness persists for several days.
- Bites in the nose and mouth interfere with normal nutrition.
In such cases, it is advisable to use corticosteroids. Usually, a doctor prescribes hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, but experienced owners themselves sometimes resort to such therapy.
For cats, prednisolone is most often used in a dose of 0.5-1 mg / kg, less often - dexamethasone. Prednisolone can be given both in the form of tablets, and by intramuscular injection:
- For a cat weighing 3-4 kg, half a 5 mg tablet will be enough. If the pet is behaving aggressively, or excessive salivation is observed, it will not be easy to give the pill.
- An injection is also preferable because the drug begins to act faster.
Therefore, it is recommended to keep the prednisolone ampoule and insulin syringes in the “summer residence” veterinary medicine cabinet . If the wasp sting caused severe swelling and pain, it is necessary to inject the drug into the thigh muscles at a dose of 0.1 ml / kg. Prednisolone is repeated every 12 hours, reducing the dose for 3-5 days until the drugs are completely discontinued.
In the vast majority of cases, an insect bite is not a reason to visit a veterinarian. However, in some cases, hospitalization is necessary:
- Signs of Quincke edema, a systemic allergic reaction.
- Multiple bites that can cause poison intoxication.
- Age up to 5-6 months (kittens are more sensitive to poison).
Adult cats tolerate stings of bees or wasps without consequences. However, if the pet’s immune system (usually a thoroughbred one) is not OK, bee venom can cause anaphylactic shock and death.
After finding a bite, you need to watch your pet for some time - is your appetite missing, are there any signs of lethargy, apathy. In fluffy cats, the submandibular space should be especially carefully checked to see if there is swelling in the neck.
What should not be done:
- use topical irritants based on menthol and essential oils or ointments intended for people (Fenistil);
- give the cat antihistamines (Suprastin, Tavegil, Zirtek), as they will not be effective.
If the reaction to the bite is not significant, the veterinarian will send the patient home, reassuring the owners. And the doctor will act in a completely different way, faced with manifestations of anaphylactic shock. This reaction occurs suddenly, shortly after a bite. A cat can die within an hour if you do not help her.
Signs of anaphylaxis:
- weakness, unnatural behavior: the animal is lethargic or overly excited;
- mucous membranes are pale or cyanotic;
- labored breathing, wheezing is heard;
- the pulse quickens, becomes weak;
- cramps, involuntary urination.
A veterinarian will restore airway patency. Usually this does not require a tracheotomy, it is enough to install an endotracheal tube. Humidified oxygen is supplied through it.
- They urgently give 0.1% adrenaline (Epinephrine), while some experts prefer to inject it into the bite area, previously diluted with saline.
- Adrenaline can be injected repeatedly in another place every 15 minutes until the attack is stopped.
- If necessary, it is administered intravenously, very slowly, at a dose of up to 0.01 ml / kg.
An intravenous catheter is inserted into which Prednisolone 4-10 mg / kg is administered. To eliminate spasm of the respiratory tract, 2.4% Eufillin 5-7 mg / kg is used.
To restore normal blood circulation, pressure and renal blood flow, colloidal and crystalloid solutions (dropper) are used.
Even if the attack was successfully and timely eliminated, the cat is left in the hospital under observation for at least a day. It is important to control adequate urination and begin treatment of acute renal failure , which can occur against the background of a shock drop in pressure, hypoxia and intoxication.
It is impossible to protect four-legged pets from stinging insects with a 100% guarantee. But in case the pet spends the summer in the country, it is worth taking care to minimize the likelihood of a bite. Reasonable measures would be:
- Protection of the room (mosquito nets).
- Territory processing (destruction of hornet's nests).
- Do not place bowls with water or food on the street, porch.
- Processing animals with repellents.
Although most cats tolerate stings of bees, wasps and even hornets without serious health consequences, the owner should be prepared to assist the pet in case of an allergic reaction to the bite. Anaphylactic shock occurs in one animal per thousand, but it can cause its death. The good news is that if the bees stung the cat earlier and no allergies were observed, most likely, it will carry them as stubbornly in the future.