A healthy kitten is a restless creature. For days on end, he fights against invisible enemies, lies in wait for a fictional victim and just runs, jumps for his pleasure. In between important matters with the formidable look of a real hunter, the kid eagerly pounces on the “prey” - a bowl of food. And how else? Without refueling with life energy, it is difficult to meet new exciting adventures.
The quality of the feed will determine the health of a small fluffy pet. It is far from a secret - proper feeding primarily affects the state of the gastrointestinal tract.
Most often, nutritional errors made by the owner of the kitten are manifested in the latter by constipation . A person must learn, firstly, to prevent their occurrence, and, secondly, to be able to alleviate the painful condition of the baby, if the trouble did happen.
A few words about the causes of constipation
Before moving on to the main topic of the article, how to properly make a kitten enema, I would like to outline a few more reasons why the pathological state of the body occurs when feces are retained in the intestines, causing discomfort in animals.
Chemostasis is an accumulation of chyme mass in the small intestine. The main factor leading to the disease is prolonged feeding with solid foods. It can occur with a sedentary lifestyle, lack of intake of mineral salts in the body, absence or insufficient amount of water in the diet .
Coprostasis - stagnation of dried feces with subsequent blockage of the lumen of the small intestine. Contributes to the appearance of pathology bone feeding.
Bowel obstruction - characterized by blockage of the intestines with calculi, intestinal stones, worms , wool, and objects accidentally swallowed. The reasons are monotonous feeding, metabolic disturbance.
How to understand that a kitten has constipation?
Usually, the owner is not hard to guess that the kitten is not in the best shape. The baby behaves uneasily, which is associated with the occurrence of colic, shortness of breath, vomiting appears. The stomach is inflated due to accumulated gases; the animal cannot go to the toilet for more than two days .
If you try to palpate the abdominal wall, then, having certain skills and dexterity, you can feel in the intestines an oblong lump or a foreign body.
With bowel obstruction, in addition to the above symptoms, fever is added, the pulse becomes frequent, and breathing is intermittent.
When is an enema done?
Artificial bowel cleansing is not only for constipation. Indications for an enema can be poisoning , when it is urgent to remove harmful substances from the body. In some cases, with severe exhaustion or when it is not possible to feed the kitten in the usual way during an illness, a nutritional enema is used to maintain the strength of the animal.
Among other things, enemas are:
- thermoregulators, when it is necessary to lower the body temperature ;
- relaxing - to alleviate the condition with intestinal spasm;
- medicinal - are used if it is not possible to administer the drugs in another way;
- diagnostic - for conducting contrast fluoroscopy.
How is an enema done?
It is possible to carry out the procedure at home only with full confidence that it will not harm the kitten, and constipation is caused precisely by inaccuracies in nutrition and is in no way associated with obstruction or inversion of the intestines. Otherwise, the case may result in death.
As a tool, use a regular small rubber bulb or a large disposable syringe with a wide cannula. It is best to carry out manipulations in the bathroom, in extreme cases, on the floor, which can be easily cleaned and disinfected (tiles, painted wood, etc.). There should be a cat tray near the enema site. It does not hurt to have clean unnecessary rags or paper napkins on hand - useful for quickly eliminating “traces of crime”.
It is most convenient to put an enema on a flat surface. You can do one person, but still it is better to call an assistant. Previously, warm water (25-30 C) is collected in a rubber bulb and a syringe, the tip is lubricated with petroleum jelly or any oily cream, preferably a baby cream (in the absence of these, it is not forbidden to use ordinary vegetable oil).
The man sits on his knees, the kitten turns in front of him, gently clamps his head and back between his legs. Calculate the strength so that the animal is firmly fixed, but not strangled. The kitten is lifted up its tail, the anus is lubricated with any of the means indicated a little higher and without rushing, by scrolling movements left and right, the tip of the pear is inserted into the rectum. Deep insertion is not worth it, enough diving 1-2 cm.
Slowly squeeze out water (50-100 ml are enough for a kitten, depending on its size). The pear is slowly removed, while it is necessary to squeeze the anal folds for a while so that the water does not immediately spray in all directions. For a more effective result, you can do a small massage of the abdomen with stroking clockwise circular movements.
Helping with an assistant
It doesn’t differ much from the process with one performer, with the only difference - the assistant fixes the kitten in any convenient way, and the second person carries out the events described just above.
After the manipulations, the kitten can be released. You should not allow him to run into the living rooms - you never know where the poor thing wants to, maybe he doesn’t have time to get to the coveted toilet in time.
It is not necessary to do an enema for a kitten with constipation. There are other methods that can cause bowel movements in a puss. For example, giving inside any vegetable oil or herbal mucous broth that enhances intestinal motility. Nobody canceled the use of pharmacy laxatives. It is important not to forget to consult a veterinarian before using this or that method of treating constipation.
When can not do an enema?
There are conditions in which the use of cleansing enemas is strictly prohibited:
- inflammatory processes in the intestines;
- the presence of erosion on the mucous membranes of the digestive tract;
- prolapse of the rectum;
- acute pathology of the abdominal cavity.